Chakra UI Introduction
Chakra UI is a CSS framework for React based applications (React, Next.js, and Gatsby) which allows you to create accessible React apps with speed.
Chakra UI is a simple, modular and accessible component library that gives you the building blocks you need to build your React applications.
You may have heard of other CSS frameworks such as Bootstrap or TailwindCSS. While there are some similarities between Chakra UI and these other frameworks, there are also distinct differences.
Tailwind CSS is a CSS Framework that provides atomic CSS classes to help you style components. Tailwind CSS handles responsive styles, dark mode, etc using pseudo-classes.
<p w-16 md:w-32 bg-gray-500 dark:bg-gray-100 hover:dark:bg-gray-200>I am text</p>
A downside to TailwindCSS is that it is up to you, the developer, to handle semantic html, WAI-ARIA requirements, keyboard navigation, and more.
Bootstrap (rather React-Bootstrap) is an open source toolkit to quickly design and customize responsive mobile-first sites with Bootstrap. Bootstrap is. widely considered the industry standard for CSS Frameworks.
Material UI is a set of React components for faster and easier web development. It is a comprehensive guide for visual, motion, and interaction design across platforms and devices.
Chakra UI was heavily inspired by Theme UI and follows the system UI specifications. With that said, Chakra UI provides more components, improved styling API, accessibility, and intuitive component APIs than Theme UI.
Chakra UI Pros
Now that you know a little bit about some Chakra UI alternatives, let's dive into some pros of Chakra UI.
Chakra UI strictly follows WAI-ARIA standards for all components.
We can easily customize any part of the Chakra UI components to match our design needs. We dive deep into this in the Customize Them module.
Components compose other components under the hood and Chakra UI allows you to do the same.
Light and Dark UI
Optimized for multiple color modes out of the box!
Chakra UI Cons
Can't Scale Well
As your project grows, so will the number of Chakra UI components. Unlike other CSS frameworks, like TailwindCSS, Chakra has no cap on the number of classes it renders. This can make your project slower and much harder to maintain. Because of this, I would not recommend Chakra UI on large projects. What is considered a large project? That is up to you to decide. There is no one answer.
In this module we went over what Chakra UI is, compared it to some other CSS frameworks, and the pros and cons.